Selecting woodworking tools requires a basic understanding of the tools and their operation. The list of basic woodwork tools by provides a set of tools that will help you work on various projects in a furniture workshop.

Having good background information on the tools will help you work efficiently with both hardwood and softwood. This will save you money and time because you are using the right tool for the right task. Before opening a new workshop, you should understand the use of the basic woodwork tools.

Therefore, here is a list of the basic woodwork tools.

1. Thickness planer and power jointer. 

A power jointer is a hand-held tool that is used for flattening rough or reclaimed faces of lumber. This tool is used at the beginning stages of a furniture project. A thickness planer on the other is a machine used for trimming boards to achieve consistent thickness and flatten the surfaces. It is faster compared to the power jointer.

2. Circular saw

The saw is used for dimensioning rip cuts and when mounted on a table, it can be used for joinery works.

  1. Handsaws and routers bits

These tools are used for cross-cutting, cutting boards to final dimensions and straightening the edges. The router bits can be used for flush trimming and straight cutting.

4. Jigsaw

A jigsaw is used for cutting irregular curves. A coping saw can be used to cut finer curves.

5. Tape measure and combination square

The tape and the square are combined with a knife, crayons, awl, and pencils for marking wooden boards.

6. Power drill (with bits)

The electric-powered drills are used for drilling holes on wood.

7. Block and smoothing plane, files, and rasps

They are used for smoothing surfaces of the final products. They are efficient because they are all hand-held devices.

8. Joinery tools

Biscuit and pocket-hole joiners are used for clamping together two boards with glue.

9. Wooden mallet and chisels

The mallet is used to drive in chisels through wooden pieces. The mallet should be wooden to prevent deformations when it hits metallic chisels.

10. Screwdrivers and a hammer

The hammer is for driving in screws and nails into pieces of wood while a screwdriver is for installing and removing screws.

11. Levels

Levels are used to check the horizontal and vertical planes of the wood pieces.

12. Sliding bevel

The bevel is used for measuring and marking out angles.

13. Marking gauge

The tool is for transferring measurements from one piece to another.

14. A working bench, clamps and a workmate

A working bench is for holding pieces of wood that are being worked on using other tools. A clamp holds them firmly on the bench. The workmate will help the woodworker in carrying out some tasks.

Final thought

To build a decent workshop, you need to have some basic knowledge of woodworking tools. Then you will need to purchase or improvise the tools and use them easily. You don’t have to purchase all the tools because some tools can perform more than one task. Therefore you only need to purchase the basic tools. With a proper understanding of the working of the tools, your workshop will be safe and you will perform your woodcraft comfortably.

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